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Ingredients Glossary

Browse from the lists below to learn more about the high-performance actives found in Skinesis products.

A - C

Abyssinian oil

From the crambe abyssinica seed, this non greasy oil contains unusually high levels of fatty acids significantly improving tone and texture of the skin and replacing essential lipids.

Crambe abyssinica is an erect annual herb which produces numerous small white flowers, it is native to the Mediterranean region and eastern Africa, particularly in the area originally called Abyssinia which today is known as Ethiopia. This plant was introduced into the United States in the 1940’s and successfully grown in the northern central states, chiefly in North Dakota.

100% pure vegetable oil, this ingredient contains long-chain unsaturated fatty acids, biologically preferred and highly conditioning for both skin and hair.

Crambe Abyssinica is safe and environmentally friendly:

  • Biodegradable
  • Never tested on animals
  • highly resistant to oxidation
  • highly resistant to thermal degradation

Found in:
Ultimate Cleanse, Dynamic Defence SPF 15, Dynamic Defence Concentrate SPF 15, Overnight Facial

 

Alistin

Antioxidant pseudopeptide that both protects against UV damage and repairs damage to the skin and is excellent for all skin types especially sensitive, irritated skins. Alistin counteracts oxidative stress on the skin and has an anti-ageing effect.

Found in:
Intense Hydrating Booster

 

Allantoin

Increases water retention in the skin reinforcing the skins natural retention barrier creating a smoothing effect on the skin. Allantoin also softens by exfoliating dry and damaged cells and boosts the appearance of radiance of the skin.

Found in:
Skin Tone Perfecting Booster

 

Aloe leaf juice

Soothing and calming Aloe leaf juice improves skin tone and colour by increasing the blood flow to the areas of application – reduces redness and is anti-inflammatory.

Found in:
Age Repair Serum, Age Repair Concentrate, Eye Recovery

 

Alpha Arbutin

A pure, water-soluble ingredient that promotes skin lightening and tackles age spots, sun spots and uneven skin tone.

Found in:
Skin Tone Perfecting Booster

 

Alpha Lipoic Acid

Universal antioxidant 400 times stronger than vitamin C, both oil and water soluble to fight free radicals inside and outside of the cell membrane resulting in a repairing effect on skin cells. A powerful anti-inflammatory it can also revitalise oxidised (used) vitamin C, E and CoQ10.

Alpha lipoic acid crosses the membrane and breaks down into DHA (dihydrolipoic acid), an even more potent neutraliser of free radicals. It can also scavenge free radicals in either its oxidised or reduced state so that it can offer protection for much longer. Being lipid and water soluble it is more readily absorbed into the skin and penetrates cell walls to preform physiological changes within them.

A powerful anti-inflammatory that has long term effects on the skin it refines skin’s appearance, reduces the appearance of large pores and improves overall texture.

Found in:
Age Repair Serum, Age Repair Concentrate, Overnight Facial, Eye Recovery

 

Baobab oil

From the African baobab tree known as the upside down tree of life, rich in essential fats and Vitamins A, D, E and F, it has excellent moisturising and skin softening properties.

Found in:
Ultimate Cleanse, Overnight Facial

 

Bearberry

A natural, stable, plant based skin lightener that helps slow down melanin production without causing irritation.

Found in:
Dynamic Defence SPF 15, Dynamic Defence Concentrate SPF 15, Skin Tone Perfecting Booster

 

Bioecolia

An oligosaccharide derived from natural sugars which helps protect against airborne bacteria and irritants on a compromised skin barrier and increases immune activity and skin regeneration.

Found in:
Intense Hydrating Booster

 

Coenzyme Q10

Coenzyme Q10 contains lipid soluble antioxidants that work together to protect cell membranes from free radical damage and decrease collagen breakdown, Q10 is known as the cellular bodyguard.

Helps stabilise cell membranes and brings more oxygen into the cells and mitochondria – tiny factories that maintain cell function. This generates healthy cell renewal and protects fat molecules in cell membranes from becoming oxidised. Coenzyme Q10 helps protect from the ravages of free radicals and allows for the production of healthier cells.

Found in:
Ultimate Cleanse, Age Repair Serum, Age Repair Concentrate, Dynamic Defence SPF 15, Dynamic Defence Concentrate SPF 15, Overnight Facial, Eye Recovery

D - F

Dermaxyl peptide

Dermaxyl (palmitoyl oligopeptide) peptide is one of the most potent anti-ageing ingredients available. It is a group of amino acids found in the body that rehydrate the skin and help repair damage to the DNA of the cell resulting in smoother, plumper skin.

Clinical trials show:

  • Decrease in deep wrinkles
  • Increase in collagen synthesis
  • Improved skin tone
  • Improved skin texture

Found in:
Ultimate Cleanse, Overnight Facial

 

DMAE

DMAE (dimethylaminoethanol) is an antioxidant that occurs naturally in the body that stabilises cell membranes and helps protect them from free radicals. DMAE stimulates nerves and muscles resulting in firmer, toned and tighter skin. DMAE works with Alpha lipoic acid to create a synergistic effect, enhancing antioxidant activity.

Found in:
Age Repair Serum, Age Repair Concentrate, Eye Recovery

 

Emblica

A potent antioxidant which comes from the Phyllanthus Emblica fruit known for its use in Ayurvedic medicine and also named the Indian Gooseberry. Reduces superficial fine lines and acts as an effective skin lightener reducing hyper pigmentation. Emblica inhibits collagenase protecting the skins collagen and is an antioxidant with long term stability.

Indian gooseberry inhibits peroxidise/h202 which assists in formation of melanin. Also inhibits the alpha melanocyte stimulating hormone responsible for formation of melanin.

Increases skin hydration and lipid production, reduces inflammation, improves skin tone, increases GAGS and decreases collagenase, an excellent, clinically proven anti-ager.

Found in:
Dynamic Defence SPF 15, Dynamic Defence Concentrate SPF 15

 

Essential oil blends

Age Repair Serum, Age Repair Concentrate, Dynamic Defence, Dynamic Defence Concentrate: Jasmine, Rose, Hyacinth

Overnight Facial: Jasmine, Rose, Tuberose, Frangipani

Ultimate Cleanse: Camphor, Jasmine, Rose, Camomile, Lemon, Neroli

Exfolactive El

Botanical extract which boosts the natural peeling process and significantly increases cell renewal and regeneration to improve the clarity and luminosity of the skin. Exfolactive El has been clinically proven to reduce lines and wrinkles.

Found in:
Overnight Exfoliating Booster

 

Eyeliss

Peptide complex improves firmness and elasticity and decreases irritation, decreases capillary permeability and improves lymphatic circulation decreasing dark circles and eye bags.

Clinical trials show:

  • 32% improvement in eye puffiness
  • 35% improvement in dark circles
  • 42% improvement in skin texture

Found in:
Eye Recovery

G - I

Gigawhite

A Plant-derived, preservative-free skin lightener that has a significant skin whitening effect- reduces the colour and size of age spots.

Found in:
Skin Tone Perfecting Booster

 

Glycorepair

A natural skin repair process mediator, Glycorepair stimulates the skin cells natural renewal and regeneration process via the synthesis of growth factors for tissue repair; it also accelerates the recovery of damaged skin.

Found in:
Overnight Exfoliating Booster

 

Haloxyl

Oligo, Penta and Tetra peptides help diminish dark circles.

Found in:
Eye Recovery

 

Hemp Seed oil

High in Omega’s 3, 6 and 9. Also rich in vitamins A, B1, 2, 3 and 6, C, D and E, Hemp seed oil is quickly absorbed, prevents moisture loss from the skin and soothes irritation.

Found in:
Overnight Facial

 

Hyaluronic Acid

Known as a molecular sponge, Hyaluronic Acid (a polysaccharide) is capable of binding a large quantity of water molecules. In the skin it plays the physiological role of a reservoir by retaining water in the dermis.

When applied to the skin it forms a permeable layer allowing moisture to penetrate and be held in the skin. It attracts moisture from the atmosphere into the epidermis. Naturally penetrates the skin, an excellent humectant and dermal hydrator.

Found in:
Age Repair Serum, Age Repair Concentrate, Eye Recovery, Intense Hydrating Booster

 

Hyaluronic Filling Spheres™

Dehydrated hyaluronic filling spheres penetrate into varying depths of folds in skin and trap water swelling and exerting pressure on the surface resulting in a smoothing effect almost instantly. This gives a cosmetic filling effect providing volume to the superficial layers of the epidermis. Composed of both high and low molecular weight dehydrated hyaluronic acid microspheres.

Found in:
Eye Recovery

 

Iris extract

Helps regulate the moisture content of the skin by holding moisture in the outermost epidermal layer, giving a feeling of immediate relief and hydration.

Found in:
Dynamic Defence SPF 15, Dynamic Defence Concentrate SPF 15, Eye Recovery

J - L

Jasmine extract

Especially useful for calming aggravated skin- used for treating dermatitis and eczema.

Found in:
Age Repair Serum, Age Repair Concentrate, Dynamic Defence SPF 15, Dynamic Defence Concentrate SPF 15, Eye Recovery

 

Lactic Acid

Brightens, gently exfoliates and improves the skin’s texture and hydration level.

Found in:
Overnight Exfoliating Booster

 

L- Carnosine

L-Carnosine is an amino acid that prevents the cross-linking of collagen, the loss of elasticity and the appearance of wrinkles. It helps revive cells and the connective tissue, restoring and prolonging the life of the cell.

Found in:
Age Repair Serum, Age Repair Concentrate, Eye Recovery

 

Lily extract

Purifies and brightens the skin.

Found in:
Ultimate Cleanse, Age Repair Serum, Age Repair Concentrate, Eye Recovery

 

Line Factor

A revolutionary formula from the hibiscus seed introduces growth factors which help collagen and glycosaminoglycans synthesis improving skin density, texture and elasticity.

Found in:
Age Repair Concentrate

 

Lipobrite HCA-4

Skin brightener and anti-ageing system with enhanced skin penetration and improved bioavailability.

Found in:
Overnight Facial

M - O

Matrixyl™ Pentapeptide

Palmitoyl pentapeptide-4:

(Encased in palmitic fatty acid).

A renowned collagen and elastin stimulator that helps increase skin’s thickness and smooth deep wrinkles. Over time Matrixyl increases skin thickness, improves appearance of ageing skin and stimulates collagen 1v in aged skin.

Stimulates synthesis of collagen 1(80% of the dermis; increasing skin thickness), collagen 3 and collagen 1v (in aged fibroblasts) – found at the dermal/epidermal junction, increasing epidermal nourishment.

Restores the dermal matrix with development of new collagen, elastin and glycosaminoglycans and stimulation of fibronectin in fibroblasts in the dermal layer.

Mimics a fragment of pro-collagen type 1 and creates a healing and reparative response in dermal layer by stimulating collagen 1 and elastin fibroblasts.

Found in:
Age Repair Serum, Age Repair Concentrate, Eye Recovery

 

Matrixyl 3000 peptide

A combination of Matrikines (including palmitoyl oligoppetide and palimitoyl tetrapeptide 7) which are messengers of cutaneous restructuration and repair interact with specific receptors to activate certain genes involved in extracellular matrix renewal and cell proliferation. Oligo and tetrapeptides improve elasticity and tone of the skin.

A pentapeptide which mimics a fragment of procollagen type 1 by stimulating the matrix molecules (collagen 1, 3, 1v and fibronectin), promoting collagen production.

Clinical trials Matrixyl 3000 showed:

  • 33% decrease in wrinkles density
  • 23% decrease in volume of wrinkles
  • 20% decrease in the depth of wrinkles

Found in:
Dynamic Defence Concentrate SPF 15

 

Meadowfoam Seed oil

Extremely stable and highly lubricant - is an excellent source of vitamin E and contains over 98% fatty acids.

Found in:
Ultimate Cleanse, Overnight Facial

 

Melon oil

High in Omega 3 fatty acids, Melon oil is moisturising, regenerating and restructuring.

Found in:
Ultimate Cleanse, Overnight Facial

P - R

Pentavitin®

Pentavitin is a humectant. Highly substantive to the skin, it binds itself to keratin like a magnet. It regulates and retains moisture in the skin under all conditions.

Found in:
Age Repair Serum, Age Repair Concentrate, Eye Recovery

 

P Refinyl

P Refinyl is a long lasting biological treatment for finer pores. A multi action ingredient that reduces dilated pores, sebum production and reinforces collagen structure of the epidermis preventing pore slackening.

Found in:
Overnight Exfoliating Booster

 

Pheohydrane P

An intense skin conditioner and moisturiser derived from brown algae and microalgae that helps to restructure the hydrolipidic film and the skin barrier, thus avoiding skin dehydration, it allows the active fixation of water.

Found in:
Intense Hydrating Booster

 

Phospholipids

Phospholipids increase the hydration levels of the skin without being occlusive. A humectant, it attracts moisture from the surrounding air and binds it to the epidermis. Phospholipids in the outermost layers of the skin cannot be replaced by natural cell function and thus are critical ingredients in skincare.

Found in:
Age Repair Serum, Age Repair Concentrate

 

Photosomes and Ultrasomes

Advanced sun protection through enzyme technology, restores DNA and the immune system, repairing damage and slowing the ageing process. Phospholipids encapsulated in liposomes.
Photolyase encapsulated in liposomes use visible light to reverse damage caused by UV. Can be found in blue algae that are exposed to extreme sunlight and UV. Plankton has a natural resistance that allows them to use energy from sunlight for photosynthesis and to repair from solar UV.

Ultrasomes are an enzyme extract encapsulated in liposomes that stimulate recovery from sun damage to skin. The extract found in the soil and the ocean is one of the most UV resistant known to science and speeds natural recovery from sun damage.

Patented liposomes localise in upper layers of the skin to stop the gradual weakening of genetic material that causes photo-ageing.

Found in:
Dynamic Defence SPF 15, Dynamic Defence Concentrate SPF 15

 

Plerasan Beta Glucan

A biologically active polysaccharide that belongs to the glucan family which is both protecting a soothing. Plerasan Beta Glucan activates both immune cells and epidermal cells, balances and increases cell regeneration.

Found in:
Intense Hydrating Booster

 

Renovage

The Youth precursor. Helps prolong cell lifespan by up to 1/3 and improve overall skin condition and appearance (reducing UV sunspots, minimising dilated pores, increasing firmness and moisture levels) by lengthening the telomeres during cell division.

Ageing is due to cell senescence and that is due to telomere shortening. A telomere is a part of DNA at the end of the chromosome. Telomeres shorten after each round of DNA replication, then cells enter a senescence state. Stress exerted on skin cells results in shorter telomeres.
Renovage helps attack oxidative stress and maintains telomeres and DNA thus prolonging cell and tissue life span improving cell metabolism.

Significantly improves the structure of the skin - smoother, more uniform and looks younger. Significant improvement on the size of the pores.

Skin looks visibly younger with improved barrier function, smaller pore size, reduction of UV damage and less redness.

Found in:
Age Repair Concentrate, Dynamic Defence Concentrate, Overnight Facial, Eye Recovery

 

Retinol

Easily absorbed form of vitamin A used for its anti-ageing properties it increases the rate of skin turnover, and gives an increase in collagen.

Found in:
Overnight Exfoliating Booster

 

Rose extract

Soothes redness and inflammation and is suitable for all skin types.

Found in:
Dynamic Defence SPF 15, Dynamic Defence Concentrate SPF 15

 

Rosewater

Derived from pure natural rose oil and suitable for all skin types to soothe and calm irritated skin.

Found in:
Intense Hydrating Booster

 

Rumex Occidentalis Extract

A natural skin whitening agent that reduces skin pigmentation by limiting both melanin production and skin reddening erythema.

Found in:
Dynamic Defence SPF 15, Dynamic Defence Concentrate SPF 15

S - U

Shea Butter

Hugely anti-inflammatory. Suitable for even the most fragile skins, leaves the skin soft and supple and binds moisture to the skin.

Found in:
Dynamic Defence SPF 15, Dynamic Defence Concentrate SPF 15

 

Stay C 50

Derived from Vitamin C, a strong antioxidant that repairs photo damage and premature ageing, reduces the level of damaging free radicals in the skin and increases firmness.

Found in:
Skin Tone Perfecting Booster

 

Syn®-Ake

A Biomimetic peptide complex which mimics the neuromuscular blocking compound found in the temple viper snake. Mimics the activity of Waglerin 1- a polypeptide found in the venom of the temple viper, reducing expression lines by inhibiting muscle contraction.

Clinical trials have shown that Syn®-Ake is capable of reducing mimic wrinkles by inhibiting muscle contractions. Excellent Smoothing and fast anti-wrinkle properties proved in a short term study (1 month), clinical trials also show a wrinkle decrease of up to 52% on the forehead.

Found in:
Age Repair Serum, Age Repair Concentrate, Eye Recovery

 

Syn®-Coll

A small peptide with a unique sequence that stimulates the body’s own TGF-β (tissue growth factor) to activate collagen biosynthesis in fibroblast cells.

Mimics your body’s own mechanism to produce collagen via tissue growth factor. Compensates for collagen deficit in skin, increases skin thickness and strengthens dermis thus fine lines and wrinkles are reduced.

TGF-β is known as the key element in the synthesis of collagen. Syn®-Coll is a breakthrough wrinkle treatment - Actively removes any type of wrinkle, whilst firming and moisturising the skin.

Found in:
Age Repair Serum, Age Repair Concentrate, Eye Recovery

 

Synovea™-HR

Hexylresorcinol- a skin lightener for normal and hyper pigmented skin and inhibitor of tyrosinase enzyme and peroxidise.

Has a strong protective effect against H2o2- induced DNA damage; anti-glycation effect.

Found in:
Age Repair Serum, Age Repair Concentrate

 

Thiotaine

Powerful antioxidant that acts directly on the cells to increase energy levels and increase oxygen metabolism.

Found in:
Skin Tone Perfecting Booster

 

Tricholoma Matsutake Singer

Mushroom extract that brightens and lightens- a pigment stabilizer.

Found in:
Age Repair Serum, Age Repair Concentrate, Eye Recovery

 

Tyrostat

Skin whitening ingredient derived from a plant native to the Canadian prairies. Tyrostat inhibits the effect of the enzyme tyrosinase thus allowing for a more even skin tone by reducing the formation of unwanted pigmentation.

Found in:
Dynamic Defence SPF 15, Dynamic Defence Concentrate SPF 15

 

Uniglucan G51

A multi-active beta glucan complex of biotechnological origin which activates the immune system of the skin. Uniglucan G51 has an irritation inhibiting, protective effect and smoothes wrinkles with immediate and long term effect.

Beta glucan, a polysaccharide present in the yeast cell wall, is a multifunctional active substance complex based on purified yet natural yeast cell walls obtained using biotechnology.

Has a high water binding capacity which leads to improvement in skin elasticity, smoothing out wrinkles.

Activation of macrophage and langerhans cells to stimulate the immune system, counteracts age and environmentally induced immune deficiencies and fights against environmental pollution. This intensifies the formation of cytokines, a hormone like substances which supports wound healing and therefore gives a so called repair effect to stressed, damaged skin, it is also an anti-irritant.

Found in:
Dynamic Defence SPF 15, Dynamic Defence Concentrate SPF 15

 

Unirepair T43

Amino acid rich bioactive complex enhances the DNA repair rate accelerating natural skin repair and counteracting environmental skin damage from UVB rays. Accelerates the repair of UV induced DNA damage.

Found in:
Age Repair Concentrate, Eye Recovery

V - Z

Vitamin A

Retinyl palmitate

Anti-ageing, skin normalising vitamin that plays an essential role in counteracting sun damage and has a rejuvenating effect.

Vitamin A is easily degraded by light and air, photosensitive vitamin A in the skin is also degraded by UV light so it is essential to replace on a daily basis. Replacing vitamin A through diet with food such as liver, carrots and spinach can take several days compared to around 3 hours by topical application.

Retinyl palmitate achieves results with less irritation than retinol and retin a, once inside skin cells it is converted to retinoic acid by skins enzymes (this is the same for retinol and retin a).

Vitamin A normalises cellular DNA resulting in healthier cells and an overall smoother appearance of skin. Vitamin A is essential for normal activity of skin cells and regulation of their growth and prevents and reverses photo-ageing.

Vitamin A can penetrate the cell wall (retinyl palmitate) and once inside the cell can have the following effects:

  • normalises DNA
  • increases the growth of the basal layer - therefore thickens the skin.
  • skin heals faster.
  • healthier collagen and natural moisturising factors are formed by fibroblast cells plumping and smoothing the skin.
  • repairs UV damage and prevents destruction of collagen.

Found in:
Ultimate Cleanse, Age Repair Serum, Age Repair Concentrate, Dynamic Defence SPF 15, Dynamic Defence Concentrate SPF 15, Eye Recovery, Overnight Facial

 

Vitamin C – VCIP / BV-OSC

ASCORBYL TETRAISOPALMITATE/TETRAHEXYLDECYL ASCORBATE

Bio available, oil-soluble, stable Vitamin C has 3 times better penetration than ascorbic acid, an antioxidant that also reduces melanogenesis giving a clarifying and whitening effect on pigmentation whilst also stimulating collagen production. Vitamin C reactivates vitamin E making it effective again to fight free radicals, protects DNA, enhances UV protection and stimulates collagen production.

  • UV light, sunlight and computer screens damage vitamin C therefore this must be replenished daily
  • Inhibits lipid peroxidation

Found in:
Age Repair Serum, Age Repair Concentrate, Dynamic Defence Concentrate SPF 15, Eye Recovery, Overnight Facial

 

Vitamin E

Anti-oxidant that protects the skin from free radical damage. Helps prevent scar damage and can be reactivated by vitamin C.

Found in:
Ultimate Cleanse, Age Repair Serum, Age Repair Concentrate, Dynamic Defence SPF 15, Dynamic Defence Concentrate SPF 15, Eye Recovery, Overnight Facial

 

Whitonyl

Biological compound rich in red algae inhibits the activity of tyrosinase controlling photo-induced pigmentation. Powerful efffect on brown spots and senescence spots which are results from chronic exposure to sunlight. Leaves the complexion luminous and ultra-refined.

Found in:
Skin Tone Perfecting Booster

 

Willow Bark

A natural ingredient with soothing, astringent, regenerative and antiseptic properties.

Found in:
Overnight Exfoliating Booster

Get in Touch

If you have any questions, please get in touch with us and one of our skin health experts will be happy to help.

Clinic & Appointments:

259 Pavilion Road
London
SW1X 0BP
0207 589 9585
clinic@sarahchapman.net

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London
SW3 2ND
0207 589 9094
info@sarahchapman.net

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press@sarahchapman.net
Or contact Monty PR on:
0208 749 3624
aurelie@montypr.com

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Order Enquiries:

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